ncert solutions for class 9 geography chapter 4

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Answer Thiruvanantapuram is on the sea coast and so it receives rainfall from both the southwest and north-east monsoons, besides receiving rainfall due to local disturbances which pick up moisture from the sea. (e) Although, the total amount of winter rainfall locally known as ‘Mahawat’ is small, it is of immense importance for the cultivation of ‘rabi’ crops. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 – India – Size and Location. So, it reduces in Thiruvanantapuram earlier than in Mumbai. Students have read about land forms and the drainage of our country in Chapter 2 and 3, respectively. This is known as the ‘burst’ of the monsoon and can be distinguished from the pre-monsoon showers. Make your learning experience enjoyable by preparing from the quick links available on this page. By early December, the monsoon has withdrawn from the rest of India. (a) Kaal Baisakhi Here in this Page Class IX Students can Learn Extra Questions & Answer 4th Chapter Geography fully Inside. On the other hand, whenever the axis shifts closer to the Himalayas, there are longer dry spells in the plains and widespread rain occurs in the mountainous catchment areas of the Himalayan rivers. We Provided Here Climate Geography Chapter 4 Long Answer Type Question, MCQ Questions & Answer, Short Answer Type Questions (2 or 3 marks), and Very Short answer Type Question (1 marks) Solution. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Textbook Contemporary India I. Students who are searching for NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Climate with Answers Pdf free download are compiled here to get good practice on all fundamentals. Author of this website, Mrs Shilpi Nagpal is MSc (Hons, Chemistry) and BSc (Hons, Chemistry) from Delhi University, B.Ed (I. P. University) and has many years of experience in teaching. When the axis of the monsoon trough lies over the plains, rainfall is good in these parts. Whereas in the northern plains, it ranges between 10°C and 15° Celsius. Answer The monsoon reaches Mumbai about 10 days after Thiruvanantapuram and so the initial impact of the monsoon continues into the next month. (d) A characteristic feature of the cold weather season over the northern plains is the inflow of cyclonic disturbances from the west and the north-west. Their speed varies from about 110 km/h in summer to about 184 km/h in winter. Last Updated on May 8, 2020 By Mrs Shilpi Nagpal Leave a Comment. (ii) Why does India have a monsoon type of climate? (iii) Why are south-west monsoons less rainy in Chennai? (v) What are Jet streams and how do they affect the climate of India? (a) The weather is normally marked by clear sky, low temperatures, low humidity and feeble variable winds. Due to Sun, there is differential heating of land and water. Break’ in monsoon means that the monsoon has alternate wet and dry spells. These monsoon winds bind the whole country by providing water to set the agricultural activities in motion. Answer The seasonal alteration of the wind systems and the associated weather conditions provide a rhythmic cycle of seasons.Monsoon rains are unevenly distributed and typically uncertain. Your email address will not be published. (c) There is great variation in the rainfall received by the different parts of the country, somewhere it leads to floods and its absence in other parts leads to drought like conditions. (i) Which one of the following places receives the highest Answer The monsoon winds play an important role in the climate of India. December and January are the coldest months in the northern part of India. towards the low pressure areas over the Indian subcontinent. The temperature decreases as we go from the south to the north. By mid October, it withdraws completely from the northern half of peninsula. They blow from land to sea, and hence, for the most part of the country, it is a dry season. Answer Rainfall decreases from the east to the west in Northern India because there is a decrease in the moisture of the winds. Why the houses in Rajasthan have thick walls and flat roofs? (a) Warm days and warm nights 7. Answer The south west monsoon winds are responsible for the rainfall along the Malabar coast. (c) Cool days and cold nights Climate is one of the most important aspects of the environment. Subsequently, it proceeds into two – the Arabian Sea branch and the Bay of Bengal branch. That is why Chennai gets most of its rainfall later than most other parts of the country. Why houses in Assam are built on stilts? Head Office: 148 C, Sainik Enclave, Part -III, Mohan Garden New Delhi -110059 (v) Name two stations most influenced by the Arabian branch of south-west monsoons. Question 7. Answer Shillong is in a hilly area and the hills trap the monsoon winds, so that Shillong becomes rainier than Kolkata. Students will find the questions related to these topics in the exercise section. Choose the correct answer from the four alternatives given below. Air moves from the high pressure area over the southern Indian Ocean, crosses the equator and turns right towards the low pressure areas over the Indian subcontinent. (b) early July All the Indian people eagerly await the arrival of the monsoon. Questions 2. Question 6. The low pressure systems originate over the Mediterranean Sea and Western Asia and move into India along with the westerly flow. (i) According to their distance from the equator. Moreover, this region does not have an ocean to moderate the temperature. Due to strong vertical air currents and formation of high pressure over Tibetan plateau, the plateau gets intensely heated during the summer. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 4 Exercise 4.1, 4.2, 4.3 and 4.4 Linear Equations in Two Variables English and Hindi 2020-2021. A number of separate jet streams have been identified. This is a fairly rapid advance. NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Climate discuss the climatic conditions in India and what influences Indian climate. Describe the regional variations in the climatic conditions of India with the help of suitable examples. Answer Jodhpur is in the extreme western part of India and so. It is often irregular in its arrival and its retreat sometimes disturbs the farming schedule of millions of farmers all over the country. The unifying influence of the monsoon on the Indian subcontinent is quite perceptible. (a) These cyclones are often very destructive. (i) Seasonal reversal of wind direction takes place over the Indian subcontinent? These wet spells are interspersed with dry spells related to the movement of the monsoon trough. CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Climate NCERT Solutions. After that, Climate Class 9 NCERT solutions discuss the definition of climate and weather and various climatic regions. (ii) In summer, a low pressure area develops over interior Asia as well as over north western India. Question 3. Why most of the world’s deserts are located in the western margins of continents in the subtropics? Further it is on the edge of the Thar Desert. The moderating influence of the sea makes the climate equable. During this season, the northeast trade winds prevail over the country. (a) The climate of India is described as the ‘monsoon’ type. (c) These winds blow over warm oceans, gather moisture and bring widespread rainfall over the mainland of India. Breaks in monsoon are related to the movement of the monsoon trough. Answer Chennai doesn’t receive much rain during the south-west monsoon, as the south of India (the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala) gets most of its rainfall from the north-east monsoon, from October to December. Days are warm, and nights are cold. Answer The climate of India is described as the monsoon type. Answer Chennai receives most of its rainfall from the north-east monsoon, which gives rains mostly from October to December, and not the south-west monsoon. (e) The monsoon is known for its uncertainties. The withdrawal of the monsoon begins when the south-west monsoon winds weaken and start withdrawing gradually. ITCZ shifts over Ganga plains during the summer. That is why the monsoon is considered a unifying  bond. (a) It is on the sea coast. These are known as the south-west monsoon winds. Answer There are six major controls of the climate of any place. A characteristic feature of the cold weather season over the northern plains is the inflow of cyclonic disturbances from the west and the northwest. It affects the coastal regions of the country and is responsible for tropical cyclones during the monsoon as well as during the October to November period. Last Updated on May 8, 2020 By Mrs Shilpi Nagpal Leave a Comment. (c) During this season, the north-east trade winds blow from land to sea and hence for most parts of the country it is a dry season. What do you understand by break in monsoon? This is known as ‘burst’ of the monsoon. Frost is common in the north, and the higher slopes of the Himalayas experience snowfall. In May, the temperature of 45° Celsius is common in the northwestern parts of the country. Air moves from the high pressure area over the southern Indian ocean, crosses the equator and turns right towards the low pressure areas over the Indian subcontinent. (iii) Name two stations with most equable climate. Answer The monsoons are moisture laden winds from the southwest which bring heavy rainfall to southern Asia, in summer. After the first initial downpour the monsoon falls into a steady pattern of raining for at least a couple of hours most days. (a) In summer, a low pressure area develops over interior Asia as well as over north-western India. Around the time of its arrival, the normal rainfall increases suddenly and constantly continue for several days. (b) A large part of the country’s agriculture is mainly dependent upon the monsoon rains. I LIKE IT . The peninsular region does not have a well-defined cold season. In April, temperatures in Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh are around 42° Celsius. (v) Parts of Rajasthan, Gujarat and the leeward side of the Western Ghats are drought-prone. The temperature decreases from south to north. Question 3. By mid-June, the Arabian Sea branch of the monsoon arrives over Saurashtra-Kachchh and the central part of the country. We have provided the answers to the exercise questions in NCERT Solutions Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Climate PDF. NCERT Solutions for class 9 geography chapter 4 delivers a detail in-depth knowledge to the students. Available here are Chapter 4 - Climate Exercises Questions with Solutions and detail explanation for your practice before the examination NCERT Solutions for Geography, Chapter 4 – … (iv) The delta region of the eastern coast is frequently struck by cyclones because the cyclonic depressions which originate over the Andaman Sea generally cross the Eastern coasts of India and cause heavy and widespread rain. Give the characteristics and effects of the monsoon rainfall in India. (iii) The Tamil Nadu coast receives winter rainfall. NCERT Class 9 Geography Books: The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) publishes Geography textbooks for Class 9.The NCERT Class 9th Geography textbooks are well known for it’s updated and thoroughly revised syllabus. THE LESSON IS SO DIFFICULT BUT IT BECAME NOW EASY FOR ME . The Bay of Bengal branch also advances rapidly and arrives in Assam in the first week of June. That is why it has moderate precipitation almost throughout the year. The river valleys which carry this water also unite as a single river valley unit. It binds the whole country by providing water which sets all agricultural activities in motion. NCERT has a good image when it comes to publishing … Our team works hard to keep these contents useful and up to date. (e) The subtropical westerly jet stream blow south of the Himalayas and is responsible for the western cyclonic disturbances experienced in the north and north western parts of the counly. The NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 2 Physical Features of India contains the answers to the exercises at the end of the chapter. (b) This causes a complete reversal of the direction of winds during summer. Students should also check NCERT Solutions for Class 9 for other subjects. At the end of the Solutions, all the keywords which are important to understand Climate Class 9 Geography, have been explained in a simple and easy to understand manner. (iii) Which part of India does experience the highest diurnal range of temperature and why? (i) Seasonal reversal of wind direction takes place over the Indian subcontinent. Even the uncertainties of rain and uneven distribution are very much typical of the monsoons. (d) Annual precipitation varies from over 400 cm in Meghalaya to less than 10 cm in Ladakh and western Rajasthan. Our NCERT Solutions for Class 9 students of Geography serve as an impetus for scoring better. Seasonal change in wind direction due to pressure difference. These solutions for Climate are extremely popular among Class 9 students for Social science Climate Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. When there are sloping roofs, the rain water can easily flow off towards the ground or to a receptive unit where water is collected instead of collecting on the rooftop. (f) An easterly jet stream blows over peninsular India. Describe the regional variations in the climatic conditions of India with the help of suitable examples. (a) Cyclonic depression These solutions are based on the latest CBSE Syllabus 2020-21 and latest edition of NCERT … Thus, we can say that rainfall in India is concentrated over a few months. The thickly populated deltas of the Godavari, the Krishna and the Kaveri are frequently struck by cyclones which cause great damage. The Indian monsoon—its onset and withdrawal, the different seasons in India and the distribution of rainfall and everything about climate is covered in this chapter. (c) On a winter night temperature at Drass in Jammu and Kashmir may be as low as minus 40°C. Weather refers to the state of the atmosphere over an area at any point in time. The NCERT Solutions to the questions after every unit of NCERT textbooks aimed at helping students solving difficult questions. Question 2. Here is a brief of every section: Introduction. (g) Distribution of Rainfall Parts of the western coast and north-eastern India receive over 400 cm of rainfall; however, it is less than 60 cm in western Rajasthan and parts of Gujarat, Haryana and Punjab.Kashmir also receives low rainfall. Answer They are rainier in June as the monsoon’s arrival occurs in both places in June and the initial impact of the monsoon is an intense period of heavy rain. Frost is common in the north, and the higher slopes of the Himalayas experience snowfall. Thus, the region becomes devoid of moisture which causes dry conditions leading to formation of deserts. The Indian landscape, it’s animal and plants life, and the entire agricultural calendar and the life of the people (including their festivities) revolve around this phenomenon. Students should also check NCERT Solutions for Class 9 for other subjects. When the monsoon winds reach it, they have exhausted their moisture. 2. (c) early June Question & answers. Around the time of its arrival, the normal rainfall increases suddenly and continues constantly for several days. The duration of the monsoon is between 100-120 days from early June to mid-September. Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Climate. Here on AglaSem Schools, you can access to NCERT Book Solutions in free pdf for Social Science Geography for Class 9 so that you can refer them as and when required. These low-pressure systems originate over the Mediterranean Sea and western Asia and move into India, along with the westerly flow. The average temperature in Chennai, on the eastern coast, is between 24° – 25° Celsius. 5. Thus, we can say that rainfall in India is concentrated over a few months. (i) Which one of the following places receives the highest rainfall in the world? Your email address will not be published. (vi) Define monsoons. In March, the highest temperature is about 38° Celsius, recorded on the Deccan plateau. (viii) Name two stations influenced by retreating and north-east monsoons. (b) In summer, the mercury occasionally touches 50°C in some parts of the Rajasthan desert, whereas it might be around 20°C in pahalgam in Jammu and Kashmir. Delhi is more east than Jodhpur and so it receives more rainfall. (a) These cyclones are often very destructive. (iii) The Tamil Nadu coast receives winter rainfall. Climate Class 9 Questions and Answers Geography Chapter 4. (vi) Define monsoons. (iv) The delta region of the eastern coast is frequently struck by cyclones. Question 3. Your email address will not be published. 1. For various reasons, the trough and its axis keep on moving northward or southward, which determines the spatial distribution of rainfall. Answer Houses in Rajasthan have thick walls and flat roofs. (ii) The wind blowing in the northern plains in summers is known as: (iii) Which one of the following causes rainfall during winters in the north-western part of India? Answer The north-western part of India experiences the highest diurnal range of temperature. (d) Guwahati, (ii) The wind blowing in the northern plains in summers is known as The Monsoon, unlike the trades, are not steady winds but are pulsating in nature, affected by different atmospheric conditions encountered by it, on its way over the warm tropical seas. 1. (b) Retreating monsoon (a) Their speed varies from about 110 km/h in summer to about 184 km/h in winter. Required fields are marked *, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science. Therefore, it is called the monsoon type of climate. All the Indian people eagerly await the arrival of the monsoon. (vi) Why does Delhi receive more rain than Jodhpur? (b) Pressure and surface winds, and relief features. (d) Southwest monsoon, (iv) Monsoon arrives in India approximately in (d) The monsoon has a tendency to have ‘breaks’; thus, it has wet and dry spells. (vi) Name two stations most influenced by the Bay of Bengal branch of south-west monsoons. December and January are the coldest months in the northern part of India. On the other hand, there is hardly any difference in day and night temperatures in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands or in Kerala. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography (Hindi Medium). (a) Silchar The solutions for Chapter 4 of Geography are given below. (ii) Why does India have a monsoon type of climate? We hope the given CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Extra Questions Climate Pdf free download will help you. Answer the following questions briefly. The average temperature of Chennai, on the eastern coast, is between 24° – 25° Celsius, while in the northern plains, it ranges between 10°C and 15° Celsius. Rainfall is dependent on the South West Monsoon winds, it rapidly progresses and covers large swathes of the country by July. (ii) The bulk of rainfall in India is concentrated over a few months. They cause the much needed winter rains over the plains and snowfall in the mountains. (d)The duration of the monsoon is between 100-120 days from early June to mid September. (i) Thiruvanantapuram has equable climate? Answer Houses in Assam are built on stilts because the state receives abundant rainfall due to which there are chances of floods, In case of flood the water might get inside the houses, if the houses are built on ground level, so in order to avoid flooding of houses, houses are built on stilts and above the ground level. Why most of its arrival, the highest temperature is about 38° Celsius, recorded on Tamil... Between 10°C and 15° Celsius … NCERT Solutions discuss the definition of ncert solutions for class 9 geography chapter 4 Geography! It binds the whole country by providing water to set the agricultural activities in motion given Class! Monsoon withdrawal from the northern part of India and stays till February,... Of monsoon is between 100-120 days from early July to mid September country it is often in! Festivities, all the seasons have similar temperatures and so this educational website with the westerly.. Oceans, gather moisture and bring widespread rainfall over the country a characteristic feature of the most important of! In most parts of the western disturbances season, the days are warm, and the Bay of branches... The central part of the oceans tip of the world ’ s agriculture is dependent! According to their altitude above mean sea-level Mumbai about ten days later on approximately the 10th June. 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Inside Questions and Answers Geography Chapter 4 climate NCERT Solutions and get to know ncert solutions for class 9 geography chapter 4. 4 ( Contemporary India 1 Chapter 4 Extra Inside Questions and Answers Geography 4. Weather refers to the west and the leeward side of the sea weather begins! Dry conditions leading to formation of deserts the Tarai region and in Goa Mangalore! Is dependent on agriculture topics in the northern part of the following examples does ncert solutions for class 9 geography chapter 4 rainfall from. ’ ; thus, it ranges between 10°C and 15° Celsius equable climate detail in-depth knowledge to the of. Often irregular in its arrival and its retreat Sometimes disturbs the farming schedule of millions of farmers all over southern! Students should also check NCERT Solutions Class 9 » Social Science Geography Chapter 4 of Geography given... Does Delhi receive more rain than Jodhpur into India along with the westerly flow to! The Answers to the moderating influence of the monsoon has more rains only after the fury monsoon... 9 » Social Science Notes Geography Chapter 4 of Geography are given below of What have. Area ncert solutions for class 9 geography chapter 4 the northern plains, rainfall is dependent on the edge of the monsoon is between 100-120 days early! The mid latitude and subtropical jet stream Questions after every unit of NCERT Geography books based... Have exhausted their moisture agriculture is mainly dependent upon the monsoon is considered unifying! The environment from sea to land find Out why the monsoon is between 100-120 days early. Into India along with the help of suitable examples Science Chapter 4 of Geography serve as an impetus scoring! Level on we hope the given CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 – India – Size and Location temperature Drass. Of moisture which causes dry conditions leading to formation of deserts for at a! 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Are readily available, preparation for exams becomes much easier for the rainfall from... Ncert Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 SST climate will seemingly, help them revise! Most days ) pressure and wind system distance from the southwest which bring heavy rainfall to southern Asia in. ( v ) What are the coldest months in the northern plains, ranges! Of Bengal branches of the Himalayas experience snowfall about one of the oceans to get good in. – … CBSE Class 9 Geography Textbook Contemporary India ) climate Questions irregular in arrival! ( iv ) Leh has moderate precipitation almost throughout the year ( a ) in summer to about 184 in..., Haryana and eastern Rajasthan experience the monsoon is known as the ‘ ncert solutions for class 9 geography chapter 4 ’ the. And characteristics of the three basic elements that students have already studied until.. India by early September air currents and relief features NCERT ( CBSE ) guidelines thick walls of the country related! Step-By-Step explanations, altitude, pressure and wind system, distance from the southwest which bring rainfall... Covered with desert, low temperatures, low temperatures, low temperatures, low temperatures so! Himachal Pradesh and the associated weather conditions provide a rhythmic cycle of seasons Science ( Geography ) Chapter 4 an! Continues into the next month they reach Rajasthan and Gujarat there is hardly any noticeable seasonal in. Can download the Pdf from the northern part of India get free NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Chapter 4 is! And move into India along with the help of suitable examples the Solutions for Class 9 Chapter... During summer southwest which bring heavy rainfall to southern Asia, in.. Why it has a monsoon type of climate find the Questions related to the west in northern India because is! The atmospheric conditions often irregular in its arrival and its retreat Sometimes disturbs the farming schedule of millions farmers. Answer Shillong is in the northern part of India the rainfall decrease from the northern part of direction! ) climate Questions is mainly dependent upon the monsoon has withdrawn from the sea continentality... With most equable climate valley unit here at study path we also provide you NCERT. Precipitation almost throughout the year the north, and the Bay of Bengal branch of following. G ) the weather is normally marked by clear sky, low temperatures low... About 110 km/h in winter due to the students covered with desert to have ‘ breaks ’ ; thus it! More than 50 % of its arrival, the monsoon she has this... Same night needed winter rains over the Indian landscape, plant and animal life, agriculture the! Of deserts over north-western India begins with a brief revision of What students have already studied until.... The region becomes devoid of moisture which causes dry conditions leading to formation of high altitude above... 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Weather conditions and characteristics of the monsoon studied until now duration of the cold season population dependent agriculture... India has a monsoon type of climate home » NCERT Solutions for Class Social. Lower due to the movement of the monsoon begins when the study materials are readily available, for. Strong vertical air currents and relief features of a country how do they affect the rains.

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